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English Morphology Exercises - Part 3

English Morphology Exercises - Part 3

English morphology exercises about: free and bound morphemes, grammatical class changing and class maintaining morphemes, inflectional and derivational morphemes, word tree, syntactic category and word root, tree diagram.

Exercise 1                     Answers

Give a thorough characterization of the morphemes in the following words as shown below:
Example: Carelessly
Care: Lexical root, Grammatical category: Noun.
-less: Bound morpheme (suffix), Derivational, Grammatical class changing, Function: form Adjectives.
-ly: Bound morpheme (suffix), Derivational, Grammatical class changing, Function : form Adverbs.

discourageable, traditionally, suffocations, internationalism

Exercise 2                     Answers

Describe the italic affixes, whether they are derivational or inflectional:

a. supremacy
b. latest
c. aphasia
d. defies
e. fanciful
f. agriculture
g. modifies
h. tougher
i. sharpen
j. economics
k. moneyed
l. deploy
m. broken
n. heroes

Exercise 3                     Answers

State whether the affixes are derivational or inflectional:

Words Affixes Der. / Inf.
happiness
..........
..........
unkind
..........
..........
flowers
..........
..........
discourage
..........
..........
amoral
..........
..........
readable
..........
..........
accustomed
..........
..........
perception
..........
..........
unbearable
..........
..........
happenings
..........
..........
pitiable
..........
..........
greediness
..........
..........
teacher
..........
..........
untruthfulness
..........
..........
buses
..........
..........
appointee
..........
..........
clueless
..........
..........
unhappier
..........
..........
merging
..........
..........

Exercise 4                     Answers

Segment the following words and classify the morphemes associated with them as requested below:

Words Roots Derivational Morphemes Inflectional Morphemes
Class-maintaining Class-changing
nationalisations
..........
..........
..........
..........
uncharacteristically
..........
..........
..........
..........
reimbursment
..........
..........
..........
..........
unverbalized
..........
..........
..........
..........
autobiography
..........
..........
..........
..........
destigmatized
..........
..........
..........
..........

Exercise 5                     Answers

Match between the italicized part under A with one proper description from the list under B:

A B
a. burial
b. huckleberry
c. plagiarizes
d. misunderstood
e. unluckily
1. inflectional suffix
2. inflectional infix
3. derivational suffix
4. free root
5. bound root
6. derivational infix
7. inflectional prefix
8. derivational prefix

Exercise 6                     Answers

For each word below, draw a word tree:

1. ambidextrous
2. characterized
3. insufferably
4. contradictory
5. underpinned
6. dangerously
7. thoughtless
8. meaningfulness
9. microorganisms
10. retry
11. sinkable
12. disinformational
13. demagnetizability

Exercise 7                     Answers

a) Draw tree diagrams for the following words:

construal, disappearances, irreplaceability, misconceive, indecipherable, redarken.

b) Draw two tree diagrams for undarkenable to reveal its two meanings: “able to be less dark” and “unable to be made dark.”

c) Do the same as (b) for unzippable to reveal its  two meanings: "unable to be zipped" and "able to be unzipped"

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