HeaderAdd

English Morphology Answers - Part 3

English Morphology Exercises - Part 3

English morphology answers about: free and bound morphemes, grammatical class changing and class maintaining morphemes, inflectional and derivational morphemes, word tree, syntactic category, and word root, tree diagram.

Answers 1                     Exercise

Give a thorough characterization of the morphemes in the following words as shown below:
Discourageable
Dis-: Bound morpheme (prefix), Derivational, Grammatical class maintaining, Function: Negation.
Cour: Lexical root, Grammatical category: Noun.
-age: Bound morpheme (suffix), Derivational, Grammatical class maintaining, Function: form Nouns.
-able: Bound morpheme (suffix), Derivational, Grammatical class changing, Function : form Adjectives.

Traditionally
tradition: Lexical root, Grammatical category: Noun.
-al: Bound morpheme (suffix), Derivational, Grammatical class changing, Function: form Adjectives.
-ly: Bound morpheme (suffix), Derivational, Grammatical class changing, Function : form Adverbs.

Suffocations
Suffocate: Lexical root, Grammatical category: Verb.
-ion: Bound morpheme (suffix), Derivational, Grammatical class changing, Function: form Nouns.
-s: Bound morpheme (suffix), Inflectional, Function : indicate the plural form of nouns.

Internationalism
inter-: Bound morpheme (prefix), Derivational, Grammatical class maintaining, Function: express reciprocality or intemediancy.
nation: Lexical root, Grammatical category: Noun.
-al: Bound morpheme (suffix), Derivational, Grammatical class changing, Function: form Adjectives.
-ism: Bound morpheme (suffix), Derivational, Grammatical class changing, Function : form Nouns.

Answers 2                     Exercise

Describe the italic affixes, whether they are derivational or inflectional:

a. -acy   Derivational
b. -est     Inflectional
c. a-       Derivational
d. -ies    Inflectional
e. -ful     Derivational
f. agri-   Derivational
g. -ies     Inflectional
h. -er      Inflectional
i. -en       Derivational
j. -ics      Derivational
k. -ed      Inflectional
l. de-       Derivational
m. -en     Inflectional
n. -es       Inflectional

Answers 3                     Exercise

State whether the affixes are derivational or inflectional:

Words Affixes Der. / Inf.
happiness
-ness
Der.
unkind
un-
Der.
flowers
-s
Inf.
discourage
dis-
-age
Der.
Der.
amoral
a-
-al
Der.
Der.
readable
-able
Der.
accustomed
ac-
-ed
Der.
Inf.
perception
-ion
Der.
unbearable
un-
-able
Der.
Der.
happenings
-ing
-s
Der.
Inf.
pitiable
-able
Der.
greediness
-i
-ness
Der.
Der.
teacher
-er
Der.
untruthfulness
un-
-th
-ful
-ness
Der.
Der.
Der.
Der.
buses
-es
Inf.
appointee
-ee
Der.
clueless
-less
Der.
unhappier
un-
-er
Der.
Der.
merging (V)
merging (N)
-ing
-ing
Inf.
Der.

Answers 4                     Exercise

Segment the following words and classify the morphemes associated with them as requested below:

Words Roots Derivational Morphemes Inflectional Morphemes
Class-maintaining Class-changing
nationalisations
nation
-al, -ise, -ation
-s
uncharacteristically
character
un-, -al
-istic, -ly
reimbursment
burse
re- 
im-, -ment
verbalized
verb
-al, -ize
-ed
autobiography
bio
auto-, -graphy

destigmatized
stigmat
de-
-tize
-ed

Answers 5                     Exercise

Match between the italicized part under A with one proper description from the list under B:

a. burial
3. derivational suffix
b. huckleberry
5. bound root
c. plagiarizes
1. inflectional suffix
d. misunderstood
8. derivational prefix
e. unluckily
4. free root

Answers 6                     Exercise

For each word below, draw a word tree:

Tree diagram of "ambidextrous" Tree diagram of "ambidextrous"
1.  ambidextrous
Tree diagram of "characterized" Tree diagram of "insufferably"
2.  characterized 3.  insufferably
Tree diagram of "contradictory" Tree diagram of "underpinned"
4.  contradictory 5.  underpinned
Tree diagram of "dangerously" Tree diagram of "thoughtless"
6.  dangerously 7.  thoughtless
Tree diagram of "meaningfulness" Tree diagram of "microorganisms"
8.  meaningfulness 9.  microorganisms
Tree diagram of "retry" Tree diagram of "sinkable"
10.  retry 11.  sinkable
Tree diagram of "disinformational" Tree diagram of "demagnetizability"
12. disinformational 13. demagnetizability

Answers 7                     Exercise

a) Draw tree diagrams for the following words:

Tree diagram of "construal" Tree diagram of "disappearances"
construal disappearances
Tree diagram of "irreplaceability" Tree diagram of "misconceive"
irreplaceability misconceive
Tree diagram of "indecipherable" Tree diagram of "redarken"
indecipherable redarken

b) Draw two tree diagrams for undarkenable to reveal its two meanings: “able to be less dark” and “unable to be made dark.”

Tree diagram of "undarkenable" - able to be less dark Tree diagram of "undarkenable" - unable to be made dark
able to be less dark unable to be made dark

c) Do the same as (b) for unzippable to reveal its  two meanings: "unable to be zipped" and "able to be unzipped"

Tree diagram of "unzippable" - unable to be zipped Tree diagram of "unzippable" - able to be unzipped
unable to be zipped able to be unzipped

Post a Comment

0 Comments